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EN 100: Writing and Language - Waters

In-Text Citation Activity


INSTRUCTIONS: Using the example source and quotation below, write a sentence or two, either paraphrasing or using a direct quotation to provide your own example of correct APA in-text citation usage. Once you have finished your writing, post it in the Google Form below.

Burke's Parlor

The Unending Conversation

"Imagine that you enter a parlor. You come late. When you arrive, others have long preceded you, and they are engaged in a heated discussion, a discussion too heated for them to pause and tell you exactly what it is about. In fact, the discussion had already begun long before any of them got there, so that no one present is qualified to retrace for you all the steps that had gone before. You listen for a while, until you decide that you have caught the tenor of the argument; then you put in your oar. Someone answers; you answer him; another comes to your defense; another aligns himself against you, to either the embarrassment or gratification of your opponent. However, the discussion is interminable. The hour grows late, you must depart. And you do depart, with the discussion still vigorously in progress." 

-- Kenneth Burke (Literary Theorist) from Philosophy of Literary Form (1941), pp. 110-111.


Parlor, Hotel Latham, New York, N.Y. - LOC's Public Domain Archive Public  Domain Search

            Parlor, Hotel Latham, NYC (1905). Library of Congress. Retrieved from 


Example article: "Sharing in the Echo Chamber: Examining Instagram Users' Engagement with Infographics Through the Frame of Digital Literacy," by Ella Burrows, published in the Journal of Information Literacy in 2023.

Example quote from p. 41: "My research suggests that users prioritise sharing infographics that have a tangible action for followers to carry out off the platform. Although they avoid content which could be controversial, they still strive to share visually stimulating infographics which will provoke an emotional reaction to gain people’s attention and pressure them to act. The sharing of activist infographics both reaffirms their own identity and is perceived to improve one’s status among friends. Users also share with an awareness of their audience, posting infographics which they believe their audience will find engaging, while they are highly trusting of the accounts from whom they share."

In-Text Citation Activity

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