Citations within your paper should include the author’s name and the date of publication. Specific quotes should also include page numbers, if they are available. The proper format is (Author’s Last Name, Year). If you give this information within the text of your paper, a parenthetical citation may be omitted.
(Author, Date; Author, Date; Author, Date)
(Author & Author, Date; Author, Date)
(Author, Author, & Author, Date; Author, Date)
(Author et al., Date; Author, Date)
Multiple Authors: Note that if there are multiple authors for a single article, you should list up to five authors in the first instance of the citation. After the first citation, if there are three or more authors, you may cite only the first author followed by “et al.” If there are more than five authors, you may use the first author and “et al.” for all in-text citations. If there is no author, use the first few words of the citation in the reference list, italicized if they are in italics, or in quotes if they are not.
Multiple Articles: Note that when you are citing multiple articles within the same sentence, the citation for each article should immediately follow the information cited. If there are multiple citations for the same information, the citations all go within the same parenthesis, separated by semicolons.
You can get help from a writing tutor at the Center for Student Success/Learning Services at E-town.
Writing Tutors are also in the High Library Sunday-Thursday 7-9 pm and are available on a drop-in basis.
Check out the Citation Research Guide.
Or, ask a librarian! Feel free to stop by the reference desk, email, call, or text with your question!
APA updated its Publication Manual in October 2019. The following examples are formatted to the new 7th edition. For examples formatted to the older 6th edition, see below. Check with your professor to see which edition you should use for the 2019-2020 academic year!
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Book title. Publisher.
Roach, M. (2010). Packing for Mars: The curious science of life in the void. W. W. Norton.
Author’s Last Name, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume(issue), page-range. URL
Okon, E., & Sudarsky, D. (2018). Losing stuff down a black hole. Foundations of Physics, 48(4), 411-428. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10701-018-0154-3
Author’s Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Page title. Name of Website. URL
Howell, E. (2018, March 30). Exoplanets: Worlds beyond our solar system. Space.com. https://www.space.com/17738-exoplanets.html
The following examples are formatted to the older 6th edition of the Publication Manual. For examples formatted to the newer 7th edition, see above. Check with your professor to see which edition you should use for the 2019-2020 academic year!
Book with one author (print)
Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of publication). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher.
Sparks, N. (2011). The best of me. New York, NY: Grand Central Publishing.
Article from a database (e.g. Academic Search Complete)
Authors' last name(s), Initial(s). (Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume(issue), page range. doi
* If there is no DOI, instead include the URL for the home page of the article.
Segal, S., Gelfand, B. J., Hurwitz, S., Berkowitz, L., Ashley, S. W., Nadel, E. S., & Katz, J. T. (2010). Plagiarism in residency application essays. Annals of Internal Medicine, 153, 112-144. Retrieved from http://annals.org/aim
Webpage/Article on a website with no author
Title. (date). Retrieved from (URL)
Government grants and loans. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.usa.gov/grants
** All the titles below are held on permanent reserve and may be requested at the reference desk. Limited copies may also be available to check out.**