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EN 100: Writing and Language - Kantz

Online MLA Citation Examples

Selected MLA Works Cited Examples

MLA Handbook (8th Edition)


Book with one author

Author's name: Last Name, First Name. Book Title (italicized). Publisher, year.

Sparks, Nicholas. The Best of Me. Grand Central Publishing, 2011.


Article from a database (e.g. Academic Search Ultimate) - For three or more authors

Author's Name(s): Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Journal Title (italicized), volume, issue, month year, page numbers. name of database (italicized), stable URL, (if none can be found use doi number)

Segal, Scott, et al. "Plagiarism in Residency Application Essays." Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 153, no. 2, July 2010, pp. 112-120. MEDLINE Complete, doi:10.7326/0003-4819-153-2-201007200-00007.



Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Page Title.” Name of Website, Publisher, Date, URL.

Howell, Elizabeth. “Exoplanets: Worlds Beyond Our Solar System.”, 30 Mar. 2018,


Online APA Citation Examples

Selected APA References Examples

APA Manual 7th Edition


Print Book

Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Book title. Publisher.

Roach, M. (2010). Packing for Mars: The curious science of life in the void. W. W. Norton.


Journal Article

Author’s Last Name, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume(issue), page-range. URL

Okon, E., & Sudarsky, D. (2018). Losing stuff down a black hole. Foundations of Physics, 48(4), 411-428.



Author’s Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Page title. Name of Website. URL

Howell, E. (2018, March 30). Exoplanets: Worlds beyond our solar system.


Online Chicago Citation Examples

Selected Chicago Notes & Bibliography Examples

Notes on Notes
  • The first note should always contain a complete citation (example 1 below), subsequent notes may use the abbreviated form (example 2 below).
  • Subsequent notes that immediately follow a note from the same source and page may use "Ibid." as the full note (no quotation marks). If the source is the same, but the page is different, use "Ibid., page#."
  • Notes should ALWAYS be Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3....) NOT Roman (i, ii, iii...)


Example Citations

Print Book


1. FirstName LastName, Full Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), pages cited.

2. LastName, Shortened Title, pages cited.

1. Mary Roach, Packing for Mars: The Curious Science of Life in the Void (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2010), 63-65.

2. Roach, Packing for Mars, 149-150.


LastName, FirstName. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

Roach, Mary. Packing for Mars: The Curious Science of Life in the Void. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2010.


Journal Article


1. FirstName LastName, "Full Article Title," Journal volume#, no. issue# (month year): pages cited, URL.

2. LastName, "Shortened Article Title," pages cited.

1. Elias Okon and Daniel Sudarsky, “Losing Stuff Down a Black Hole,” Foundations of Physics 48, no. 4 (April 2018): 419,

2. Okon and Sudarsky, "Losing Stuff," 422.


LastName, FirstName. "Title of Article." Journal Title volume#, no. issue#, (month year): page range. URL.

Okon, Elias, and Daniel Sudarsky. “Losing Stuff Down a Black Hole.” Foundations of Physics 48, no. 4 (April 2018): 411-428.




1. “Page Title,” Website Title, Name of Organization or Sponsor, date of last update/modification or access date, URL.

2. "Shortened Title."

1. “Night Sky Heritage,” Dark Sky, International Dark-Sky Association, accessed November 1, 2019, light-pollution/night-sky-heritage/.

2. "Night Sky Heritage."


Name of Organization or Sponsor. “Page Title.” Website Title. Date of last update/modification or access date. URL.

International Dark-Sky Association. “Night Sky Heritage.” Dark Sky. Accessed November 1, 2019. light-pollution/night-sky-heritage/.