What is Fair Use?
Fair Use allows the use of copyrighted material under certain circumstances.
It is allowed within the law of copyright, but is itself only a set of guidelines that require the user to make a considered decision based on four factors.
The Four Factors
- Purpose: Uses of copyrighted material that are educational or non-commercial are more likely to be fair use. Commentary, parody, and news reporting are generally fair.
- Uses that transform the original work are most likely to be fair.
- Nature: How the original exists as well the intent behind the creator are a consideration. Published, factual works are more likely to be used fairly.
- Portion: Smaller, insignificant quantities (rather than using the original work in full) are more likely to be fair use.
- Market Effect: Copyright exists to protect creators' rights to profit from their works. Uses that will not effect that profit are more likely to be fair.