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Citations and Putting It Together

Preparing an annotation

The purpose of an annotation is to describe the cited material. It should provide sufficient information about the article to determine whether the actual material should be examined further. As you summarize the article, pay particular attention to these main points in an annotation.

1) Author

What is the author’s occupation, position, education, experience, etc.? Is the author qualified (or not) to write the article?

2) Author’s purpose

What is the purpose for writing the article or doing the research?

3) Intended audience

To what audience is the author writing? Is it intended for the general public, for scholars, students, policy makers, professionals, practitioners, etc.

4) Author bias

Does the author make assumptions upon which the rationale of the article or research rests? What are they?

5) Methodology

How was the study conducted?

6) Author’s conclusions

Are the conclusions justifiable? Are the conclusions supported by the data?

7) Features

Are there bibliographies, charts, questionnaires, etc. If not, should there be?

Citation Managers

EasyBib an interactive citation tool.

Landmark's Citation Machine an interactive citation tool.

Zotero an interactive citation tool that lives in your browser.