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FYS: World War II

Chicago Manual of Style (Online Version)

Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style has two different formats:

-notes and bibliography


Most humanities courses use the notes and bibliography format, while the author-date format is common with social sciences. If you aren't sure which you should be using, check with your professor!

This guide will focus on the notes and bibliography format.

Selected Chicago Notes & Bibliography Examples

Notes on Notes

The first note should always contain a complete citation (example 1 below), subsequent notes may use the abbreviated form (example 2 below).

Subsequent notes that immediately follow a note from the same source and page may use "Ibid." as the full note (no quotation marks). If the source is the same, but the page is different, use "Ibid., page#."

Notes should ALWAYS be Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3....) NOT Roman (i, ii, iii...)


Book with one author (print)


1. FirstName LastName, Full Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), pages cited.

2. LastName, Shortened Title, pages cited.

1. Mary Roach, Packing for Mars: The Curious Science of Life in the Void (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2010), 63-65.

2. Roach, Packing for Mars, 149-150.


LastName, FirstName. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

Roach, Mary. Packing for Mars: The Curious Science of Life in the Void. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2010.


Journal article from a database (e.g. Academic Search Complete)


1. FirstName LastName, "Full Article Title," Journal volume#, issue # (year): pages cited, doi:#[or url].

2. LastName, "Shortened Article Title," pages cited.

1. Elizabeth DeLoughrey, "Satellite Planetarity and the Ends of the Earth," Public Culture 26, no. 2 (2014): 260-261, doi:10.1215/08992363-2392057.

2. DeLoughrey, "Satellite Planetarity," 273.


LastName, FirstName. "Title of Article." Journal Title volume#, issue #, (year): page range. doi or persistent URL for the article.

DeLoughrey, Elizabeth. "Satellite Planetarity and the Ends of the Earth." Public Culture 26, no. 2 (2014): 257-280. doi:10.1215/08992363-2392057.


Website without an author


1. "Title of webpage/article," Name of Website. date of publication/update, URL.

2. "Shortened Title."

1. "Women in Space," NASA History Program Office, last modified May 2015,

2. "Women in Space."


"Title of webpage/article." Name of Website. Date of Publication/Update, URL.

"Women in Space." NASA History Program Office. Last modified May 2015.